Three easy rules for spotting junk science

Good tips on identifying junk papers.

Carbon Counter

Here are three rather solid ways to tell if you are looking at junk science, which will hold *99.9999999% of the time.

1. The study was carried out over a decade before it got published. This means one thing: the work has been rejected by more reputable journals than you can shake a fist at.

2. Almost every peer reviewed study referenced by the paper was published over a decade ago. This means one thing: the author is ignoring all of the later studies that contradict those he is citing.

3. The paper is published in a predatory open access journal. This means one thing: the study received minimal peer review in exchange for cash payment from the study’s authors.

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